NREGA was passed as an Indian Labour Law being implemented in 200 districts across India on 2nd February 2006. [108] St. John's College further honoured him by naming a PhD Scholarship after him, the Dr. Manmohan Singh Scholarship. In 2007 and early 2008, the global problem of inflation impacted India.[37]. Maunmohan Singh’s greatest achievements were: Watching the culmination of sixty years of momentum in corruption, reservations, incompetence and non accountability with perfect equanimity, placidity, fortitude and silence, and Formulating “Manmohanomics” aka “Coalition Dharma”, i.e. Relations with Iran have continued and negotiations over the Iran-Pakistan-India gas pipeline have taken place. [54], Relations with Afghanistan have improved considerably, with India now becoming the largest regional donor to Afghanistan. Although India's economy grew rapidly under UPA I, its security was threatened by several terrorist incidents (including the 2008 Mumbai attacks) and the continuing Maoist insurgency. Name- Manmohan Singh; Known for- Reformist Economic policies as Finance Minister in 1991. However, the scams relating to 2G, the Common Wealth Games and coal block allocations; tainted the legacy of his government. [86] It stated that Singh appears "unwilling to stick his neck out" on reforms that will put the country back on growth path. 1995 - Jawaharlal Nehru Birth Centenary Award (1994–95) 1994 - Finance Minister of the Year. [94] Senior MP of the Communist Party of India Gurudas Dasgupta accused Manmohan Singh of "Dereliction of duty", alleging that he (the PM) was fully aware of irregularities in dispensing of 2G telecom licences. [111] In 2010, he was awarded honorary doctorate degree by King Saud University[112] and in 2013, he was awarded honorary doctorate degree by Moscow State Institute of International Relations. RTI Act was made through legislation of the Parliament on 15th June 2005. The Act came into force with the Special Economic Zones (SEZ) Rules 2006 on 10th February 2006. New Delhi. He liberalised the Indian economy, allowing it to speed up development dramatically. [15], After completing his D.Phil., Singh returned to India. However, they reported that they detected no new  patients since January 2011. [5] In August 2019, Singh filed his nomination as a Congress candidate to the Rajya Sabha from Rajasthan after the death of sitting MP Madan Lal Saini.[6][7]. The scheme was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh on 3rd December 2005. [55] During Afghan President Hamid Karzai's visit to New Delhi in August 2008, Manmohan Singh increased the aid package to Afghanistan for the development of more schools, health clinics, infrastructure, and defence. He congratulated the Telecom Sector for the introduction of MNP, and for being the fastest growing telecom market in the world. [8] Following his tenure at the Planning Commission, he was secretary general of the South Commission, an independent economic policy think tank headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland from 1987 to November 1990. Under the agreement, India agreed to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities and that all civil nuclear facilities would be placed under the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA). He has several other honoraria’s from prominent universities. [65] Under the agreement, India agreed to separate its civil and military nuclear facilities and t… Between 1980 and 1985, he worked at the planning commission. The agreement was signed on 18th July 2005. Singh carried forward the momentum which was established after the "Brasilia Declaration" in 2003 and the IBSA Dialogue Forum was formed. The programme includes the introduction and improvement of mid-day meals and the opening of schools all over India, especially in rural areas, to fight illiteracy.[40]. Well compiled. Joan Robinson was a brilliant teacher, but she also sought to awaken the inner conscience of her students in a manner that very few others were able to achieve. Manmohan Singh achieved the distinction of serving two tenures as Prime Minister, completing 10 years in office; the longest term after the first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Despite the fact that Singh had never won a Lok Sabha seat, according to the BBC, he "enjoyed massive popular support, not least because he was seen by many as a clean politician untouched by the taint of corruption that has run through many Indian administrations. [32][33] Singh's ministry enact a National Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) in 2005. Was searching for this. He was awarded a Doctor of Letters by the Panjab University in 1983 and an honorary Doctor of Law degree by the University of Alberta in 1997. So that's how I started in politics". [21] To the dismay of the party, Rao allowed Manmohan to deregulate the Indian economy. In the 2004 General Elections, the Congress-led UPA government ousted the NDA government after becoming the party with the single largest number of seats in the Lok Sabha. Perhaps, one of the biggest achievements of India under the government of Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, was the signing of the Indo-US Nuclear Deal or the India Civil Nuclear Agreement. Scams that surfaced during UPA II may have undone the good work of the 81-year-old leader, who had achieved the distinction of serving two tenures … Kanchi Sri Paramacharya Award for Excellence, Shri R. Venkataraman, The Centenarian Trust, Professor of International Trade (1969–1971), Chief, Financing for Trade Section, UNCTAD, United Nations Secretariat, New York, Economic Adviser, Ministry of Foreign Trade, India (1971–1972), Secretary General, South Commission, Geneva (1987–1990), This page was last edited on 2 February 2021, at 11:18. Efforts have been made during Singh's tenure to end the border dispute with People's Republic of China. This also meant that he was the first Sikh to hold the position. [95], His party, the Indian National Congress, was criticised by the Supreme Court for appointing P.J. He was made the chairman of the University Grants Commission in March, 1991. Since all constitutional authorities fall under this act, it becomes one of the most powerful laws in the country. [80] Forbes magazine described Singh as being "universally praised as India's best prime minister since Nehru". In 1991, as India faced a severe economic crisis, newly elected Prime Minister P. V. Narasimha Rao surprisingly inducted the apolitical Singh into his cabinet as Finance Minister. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Manmohan Singh has come in for severe criticism for remaining silent on the matter. He completed his Economics Tripos at University of Cambridge as he was a member of St John's College in 1957.[12]. The legislation on the Indo-US nuclear deal was signed by the then US President, George W. Bush; which was then approved by the US Congress, into law. Check this page to read his biography- age, family & much more! This rural health initiative was praised by the American economist Jeffrey Sachs. During 1959 and 1963, he served as a reader in economics at Panjab University, and from 1963 to 1965, he was an economics professor there. "[88][89][90] The Independent also claimed that Singh did not have genuine political power. Subsequently, Singh served as Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha (the upper house of the Parliament of India) during the Atal Bihari Vajpayee government of 1998–2004. He has also received honorary doctorates from University of Bologna, University of Jammu and Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee. Singh's government strengthened anti-terror laws with amendments to Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act (UAPA). In March 1983, Panjab University awarded him Doctor of Letters and in 2009 created a Dr. Manmohan Singh chair in their economics department. In effect, IMF-dictated policy meant that the ubiquitous Licence Raj had to be dismantled, and India's attempt at a state-controlled economy had to end. [81] Australian journalist Greg Sheridan praised Singh "as one of the greatest statesmen in Asian history. Singh told Mark Tully the British journalist in 2005 "On the day (Rao) was formulating his cabinet, he sent his Principal Secretary to me saying, 'The PM would like you to become the Minister of Finance'. Although these measures proved successful in averting the crisis, and enhanced Singh's reputation globally as a leading reform-minded economist, the incumbent Congress party fared poorly in the 1996 general election. [99] Upinder Singh is a professor of history at Ashoka University. [97], He has been largely viewed as accepting the role as "seat warmer" for Rahul Gandhi; this was felt to have undercut the institution of the prime minister. [12] In 1980–1982 he was at the Planning Commission, and in 1982, he was appointed governor of the Reserve Bank of India under then finance minister Pranab Mukherjee and held the post until 1985. [72], Singh did not contest the 2014 general election for the 16th Lok Sabha and resigned his post as prime minister at the end of his term on 17 May 2014. On 22 May 2009, Manmohan Singh was sworn in as the Prime Minister during a ceremony held at Rashtrapati Bhavan. Singh was born on September 26, 1932 in Gah, West Punjab (now in Pakistan). NREGA ensures income security to rural families by providing a minimum of 100 days of definite wage employment in one year. After the Partition of India, his family migrated to Amritsar, India, where he studied at Hindu College. [21] However the rank and file of the party resisted deregulation. 13 th Prime minister of India; Literary contributions- India‘s Export Trends and Prospects for Self-Sustained Growth. [56], Singh's government worked towards stronger ties with the United States. [20] India's foreign reserves barely amounted to US$1 billion, enough to pay for 2 weeks of imports,[21] in comparison to US$283 billion today.[22]. During his term as Prime Minister, Singh continued to encourage growth in the Indian market, enjoying widespread success in these matters. He studied at the University of Cambridge being a member of St. John’s College, and completed his Economics Tripos in 1957. The act was enacted as a drive to the nation’s economic growth with a view of attracting investments into the country, and through the generation of foreign exchange through the export of goods and services. [96] Singh was also criticised for allowing allocation of S-band spectrum without any bidding to ISRO by an agreement. ●        Manmohan Singh’s greatest achievement is the fact that it was he who bought India out of the great economic crisis that hit the nation in the year 1991 ●        All of us are aware of the fact that Manmohan Singh was a professor of Economics in … The visit took place in November 2009, and several discussions took place, including on trade and nuclear power. According to Sibal, India has now joined the bandwagon of advanced countries like USA and China, in providing MNP. "[82] Singh was later ranked 19 and 28 in 2012 and 2013 in Forbes list. The implementation of MNP would not only provide Indian subscribers with wider choices, but would also compel service providers to offer innovative, affordable and competitive Tariff plans for the benefit of the masses. You have entered an incorrect email address! [53] Signed were three agreements establishing sister-city partnership between Delhi-Beijing, Kolkata-Kunming and Bangalore-Chengdu. Highlights of the record of the UPA government, titled "10 years of progress and growth", cited by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, in his address to the media on Friday and which was released by the Prime Minister's Office ahead of the press conference: * Education - India has achieved "near universal education" at the primary school level due to Right to Education and the … [27] From 1998 to 2004, while the Bharatiya Janata Party was in power, Singh was the Leader of the Opposition in the Rajya Sabha. In 2005, Prime Minister Singh and his government's health ministry started the National Rural Health Mission (NHRM), which mobilised half a million community health workers. Adam Smith Prize – University of Cambridge, the UK in 1956. He was made Governor of the Reserve Bank of India under the then Finance Minister Pranab Mukherjee, and held the post till 1985. Singh's first ministry executed several key legislations and projects, including the Rural Health Mission, Unique Identification Authority, Rural Employment Guarantee scheme and Right to Information Act. Between the years of 1969 and 1971, Manmohan worked as Professor of International Trade at the Delhi School of Economics, University of Delhi. [4] Singh was never a member of the Lok Sabha but served as a member of the Parliament of India, representing the state of Assam in the Rajya Sabha for five terms from 1991 to 2019. Joan Robinson was a great admirer of what was going on in China, but Kaldor used the Keynesian analysis to demonstrate that capitalism could be made to work. The bill received the assent of the President of India, Pranab Mukherjee on 27 September 2013. Manmohan Singh, the economist credited with playing a key role in ushering in economic reforms in the 1990s, demits office of Prime Minister after 10 years, leaving a mixed legacy of achievements and failures. At this point, the government of India sought funds from the supranational International Monetary Fund, which, while assisting India financially, imposed several conditions regarding India's economic policy. 1. Hegde Foundation Award. [53] Singh paid an official visit to China from 22–24 October 2013. He served as Chief Economic Advisor in the Ministry of Finance between 1972 and 1976, and served as Secretary in the Ministry of Finance thereafter. [91], Singh's public image had been tarnished with his coalition government having been accused of various corruption scandals since the start of its second term in 2009. Joe Biden, 46th president of the United States (2021– ) and 47th vice president of the United States (2009–17) in the Democratic administration of President Barack Obama. In the 1970s he was named to a series of economic advisory posts with the Indian government and became a frequent consultant to prime ministers. He previously represented Delaware in the U.S. Senate (1973–2009). 1997 - Lokmanya Tilak Award. [36] In 2005, Singh's government introduced the value added tax, replacing sales tax. Manmohan Singh took oath as Prime Minister on 22nd May 2004. Manmohan Singh became a member of the upper-house of elected representatives in Parliament, the Rajya Sabha, in 1991. Manmohan Singh studied at the Hindu college. His 1962 doctoral thesis under the supervision of I.M.D. 1. 1. The country’s foreign reserves were barely enough to account for two weeks of imports. He is the country’s first Sikh Prime Minister, and the only one since Jawaharlal Nehru to be elected for a consecutive term after serving a full term of five years. [53] Premier of the State Council of the People’s Republic of China, Li Keqiang paid a state visit to India (Delhi-Mumbai) from 19–21 May 2013. 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