The photographer called to the Queen, who looked annoyed. The child has sunk into her mattress. → The country (which / that) he went to is very hot. Commas and Relative Clauses. We can't drop the relative pronoun in this kind of clause, even if the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. It comes after the noun defined by a basic sentence. The cyclist who won the race trained hard. Two kinds of relative clause. The university (which / that) she likes is famous. Relative clauses are used to say which person or thing we are talking about, or give extra information. The caregiver who my grandpa liked lives in New Hampshire. Try an exercise where the relative pronoun is the object here, Try an exercise about defining relative clauses, both subject and object here, Try another exercise about defining relative clauses, both subject and object here. A relative clause is one kind of dependent clause. The woman who lives next door works in a bank. An example of a non-finite relative clause in English is the infinitive clause on whom to rely, in the sentence "She is the person on whom to rely". That is why it is also called an adjective clause. We bought a house which / that is 200 years old. Commas are not used to separate defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. In non-wh relatives the anaphoric element is covert, a gap; this class is then subdivided into that relatives and bare relatives depending on the presence or absence of that.". → The job (which / that) she applied for is well paid. Dr. Richard Nordquist is professor emeritus of rhetoric and English at Georgia Southern University and the author of several university-level grammar and composition textbooks. Relative clauses tell us more about people and things: Lord Thompson, who is 76, has just retired. ): Handouts to print, printable resources pdf. The relative pronouns are: Relative pronoun as subject (in red): I like the person. We can remove the relative pronoun if it is the object, not subject of the relative clause. How the two clauses are joined together. About this resource. The relative clause can come after the subject or the object of the sentence. Examples: #1 This is the necklace which/that my mom gave me for my 16 th birthday. → I visited the city (that / which) John comes from. The pants that I … We can remove the relative pronoun if it is the object, not subject of the relative clause. Relative clauses are always introduced by relative pronouns, usually, der, die, das for people and things. For example (clause after the object of the sentence): I'm looking for a secretary who / that can use a computer well. Commas represent a pause. It is very fast. Relative Clauses can be defining or non-defining. These people, "She had plenty of acquaintances, but no friends. I live in London, which has some fantastic parks. However, a relative clause doesn't always immediately follow the noun phrase that it modifies. The pronoun is required, even when it is the object of the verb in the relative clause. This example uses the relative pronoun 'that' and the relative clause is 'that is really fast'. My brother met a woman. Sentence Relative Clauses"Sentence relative clauses refer back to the whole clause or sentence, not just to one noun. Last week I bought a new computer, which I don't like now. Example Two: The child at whom we are looking has sunk into her mattress.. She shouldn’t sleep in a bed whose mattress is so soft!. You might like to watch the film. Welcome! There are two broad types of relative clauses in English. → The summer when I graduated from university was long and hot. The police arrested a man (who / that) Jill worked with. 1. I met my wife in that bar. Examples. A relative clause is a clause that usually modifies a noun or noun phrase and is introduced by a relative pronoun (which, that, who, whom, whose), a relative adverb (where, when, why), or a zero relative. Take for example the sentence: Dogs that like cats are very unusual. We use 'who' for people and 'which' for things. McFarland, 2009, Maya Angelou, I Know Why the Caged Bird Sings. In English, there are two types of relative clauses: defining and non-defining clauses. Relative clauses are non-essential parts of a sentence. There is a more detailed page about preposition The woman that my brother is going to marry is from New Zealand. We use commas (,) to separate non-defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence.Commas represent a pause. What’s the clause? → The bar in Barcelona in which I met my wife is still there. Notice how the relative clause always follows directly after the noun it describes.. A relative clause starts with a relative pronoun, has a subject and a verb, and tells us something about a noun (or a pronoun). A relative clause is a sentence describing a noun, however, it cannot be used separately. We can sometimes use these question words instead of relative pronouns and prepositions. We usually use a relative pronoun (e.g. For example, in the sentence "This is the man that I saw", there is a gap after the word saw. Also known as an adjective clause, an adjectival clause, and a relative construction. John comes from the city. → The woman whose car is a BMW is coming tonight. Loading... Save for later. The summer was long and hot. The years when the "flower children" thrived were the 1960s. Commas or parentheses are always used to separate non–defining relative clauses from the rest of the sentence. We don't need this information to understand the sentence. Marie Curie is the woman that discovered radium. I sent a letter which / that arrived three weeks later. 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