Can grow in almost any soil as long as it drains well. Habitat. Indiangrass. (They dry well, by the way.) It is prized for its small fluffy seed heads and good fall color. A few ornamental grasses that you might consider planting in your landscape are Indian rice grass, blue grama grass, little bluestem, Indiangrass, and Miscanthus. Little Bluestem A warm-season perennial grass that is used for forage, prairie restoration, highway right-a-ways, and wildlife habitat. Use enter to activate. Little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), as its name implies, is smaller in stature than its fellow native of similar naming. The foliage provides excellent color all season-long and creates the perfect backgrop for prairie flowers. It performs best in average, dry to medium moisture, well-drained soil in full sun. Bush sunflower . This photo was taken in December. Deer resistant; Cut to the ground in late winter to early spring. It is able to grow on both acidic and alkaline soils. Get expert help from The Morton Arboretum Plant Clinic. Our future. The Blues (Schizachyrium scoparium 'The Blues'):  3 feet tall with an upright habit; blue foliage with red accents on stem; fall color is a mix of blue, purple and orange. The stems are naked at the top. Prairie Blues (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Prairie Blues'): 3 feet tall with an upright habit; blue gray foliage turns red-orange in fall. Little bluestem Schizachyrium scoparium Little bluestem is a warm-season perennial bunchgrass that grows 2–4 feet in height. Our trees. Within a submenu, use escape to move to top level menu parent. N.C. Read on for little bluestem information so you can decide if this interesting plant is right for your landscape. Flat linaer leaves 1/4" wide form attractive clumps of light blue at the base turn orange-yellow in fall and persist into winter giving intrest to the landscape. It also occurs on limey subirrigated sites and in prairie fens. Plant Characteristics. Clumping plants produce half-inch wide leaves on upright stems in a unique light blue coloring. This plant has some cultivated varieties. Big bluestem . Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Leaves are thicker near the collar and the upper surface is covered with long, silky hairs. The leaves and stems frequently have a bluish cast in summer, while the fall color is a very warm copper that does not fade throughout winter. Duration: Perennial. Sideoats grama. Little Bluestem is a highly ornamental native grass prized for its blue-green leaf color and upright form. No serious pests.  May self seed, sometimes excessively. Fair grazing for livestock and wildlife. Little bluestem can be found across most of the United States, where it is native, but it is particularly common in the Great Plains states of Kansas and Oklahoma. It is the only native grass species that can be found in every Kansas county, as it is adapted to tallgrass, mixed, and shortgrass prairie ecosystems alike. Little bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium, is a North American prairie native found throughout the 48 contiguous states, except for the far western, coastal areas.As its name suggests, this perennial has silvery-blue stems (particularly at the base) and leaves, making it an attractive addition to the landscape. use escape to move to top level menu parent. Natural Areas Conservation Training Program, Black walnut toxicity (plants tolerant of), Preventing construction damage to trees and shrubs, Trees and shrubs for the four seasons landscape, Sudden Oak Death, Ramorum Blight and Phytophthora ramorum, Eastern United States Wetlands Collection. This is a larval host plant that supports various skipper larvae and Common Wood-Nymph (Cercyonis pegala) which have one brood from late May to October. Images. Good grazing for livestock. The foliage of this natural beauty adds a kaleidoscope of pastel colors in summer and coppery tones in fall. Have tree and plant questions? However, it does tolerate a wide range of soil conditions including infertility and clay. Typical native grasses grown as forage in Arkansas include big bluestem (Andropogon gerardii), little bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium), indiangrass (Sorghastrum nutans), switchgrass (Panicum virgatum), and eastern gamagrass (Tripsacum dactyloides). Blaze (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Blaze'):   2 to 3 feet tall with an upright form; blue-green foliage turns to red, mixed with pruple and orange; remains pinkish in winter. Engelmann daisy. Adaptation. Little bluestem, a vigorous native prairie grass, grows throughout the Great Plains and beyond. Little Bluestem is a perennial, warm-season grass that may grow to 5 feet. We grow one species of Schizachyrium, the North American native Schizachyrium scoparium, commonly known as Little Bluestem. Leaves: blades 2–5 mm wide; ligule 1–3 mm long. Fall color can also vary from orange to bronze to reddish.  The fall color is usually very good. It has drought resistance once established. Prairie Munchkin (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Prairie Munchkin'): 2 1/2 feet tall with a narrow, columnar habit; silvery blue foliage turns maroon and orange in fall. Purple-bronze seed heads give excellent fall and winter interest. This is a warm season grass, so its most active growth occurs in summer.  It will remain standing in winter and can act as winter interest. Adult Common Wood-Nymph butterflies feed on rotting fruit and flower nectar. Some native forb species: Maximillian sunflower. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. This warm season bunch grass is native to 45 of the 50 states making it the most abundant of all native grasses. Little bluestem typically occurs on dry upland sites, especially on ridges, hilltops, and steep slopes. You can search, browse, and learn more about the plants in our living collections by visiting our BRAHMS website. Bunchgrass occasionally with short rhizomes. It is attractive planted en masse and would make an excellent addition to a rain garden. Little Bluestem once dominated our tall and short grass prairies from Canada to Mexico. But almost everywhere that could be plowed has been plowed. KR bluestem is common throughout Texas (Fig. Valuable plant for meadow and prairie gardens. Each stem produces a loose, terminal seed head that is usually purplish. Cut back to the ground in early spring to promote new attractive growth. Little bluestem is a prairie grass native to Illinois. Stems 30–100 cm, often red or rust colored when mature; sheaths flattened and keeled. Andropogon scoparius). It is a prolific self-seeder and can become invasive with little bluestem in lawns a major competitor to traditional turf grass. They also shine in meadows, prairi… Cut back to the ground in early spring to promote new attractive growth. Blue Heaven™ (Schizachyrium scoparium 'MinnBlueA'):  4 feet tall with an upright habit; steel blue leaves change to tones of burgundy, pink and orange in fall. “These plants are cultivars of a species that is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. Ornamental grasses have become very popular over the last several years. Little bluestem is a prairie grass native to Illinois.  It is shorter than many prairie grasses, growing only 2 to 4 feet tall.  It is prized for its small fluffy seed heads and good fall color.Â, "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. There are many cultivars available, which means it can be difficult to find the straight species in trade. Vital species for reclamation and conservation. Use up and down arrow keys to explore within a submenu. Explore this online platform for Chicago-area residents to share their favorite stories about trees. Little Bluestem, Schizachyrium scoparium, is one of the three dominant species that make up our tall and short grass prairies. Eastern gamagrass. It grows well on uplands or lowlands over a wide range of well drained soils. Standing Ovation (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Standing Ovation'): 3 to 4 feet tall with an upright habit; blue foliage with purple tints; fall color is red-orange and burgundy. Little Bluestem is a perennial, warm-season grass that may grow to 5 feet. Purple-bronze racemes form above the clump of leaves and appear in August. "This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research." Little Bluestem (Schizachyrium scoparium) Little bluestem is the dominant grass in the mixed grass or midgrass prairie. It is found in areas receiving 10 to 60 inches of mean annual precipitation and plant hardiness zones 3 to 9. This plant works well mixed into other native plant arrangements and tends to behave better than switchgrass, spreading much more slowly. Blooms from June-October. Orange-yellow fall color. The following menu has 3 levels. Provides excellent cover year round. 4), even in drier regions, and it grows well on rocky limestone hills and shallow or clay soils. Jazz (Schizachyrium scoparium 'Jazz'):  2 to 3 feet tall with an upright habit; silvery blue foliage turns mauve purple in fall. Little bluestem grows in a wide range of soil types as long as they are not wet.  Tolerate of both alkaline and acid soils.  Good drought tolerance. Little bluestem is a perennial, warm-season, native - 24 to 48 inches tall. Go to list of cultivars. This is a selection from the Chicagoland  Grows™ introduction program. Some native grass species: Little bluestem. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. In fall, its foliage turns bronzy orange. Browse the curated collection and add your voice! Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Use left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus. Our communities. It is found naturally in a wide range of moist to dry habitats. These grasses are adapted statewide although each may have It is found in many types of soil but is particularly adapted to well-drained, nearly infertile soil which makes it an excellent erosion barrier. Cultivars are plants produced in cultivation by selective breeding or via vegetative propagation from wild plants identified to have desirable traits.". In the spring, little bluestem can have crude protein levels higher than 20 percent. The alternate leaves are 1/4 inch wide and 10 to 14 inches long.  Foliage color can be varied, with some plants being more green and other more blue-green. Since this grass remains attractive through winter, it should not be cut back until early spring, before new growth begins.  At that time, it can be cut down to the ground. Can be a co-dominant grass with little bluestem. Kleberg bluestem is typically found in Central Texas and in South Texas along the Gulf Coast (Fig. It can be found from Canada to Mexico and from the east coast to the west coast. Little Bluestem is used in low maintenance mixtures with other lower growing natives for recreational areas, golf courses, roadsides, and wildlife habitat. 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And right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus has been plowed bunchgrass that grows 2–4 feet in.. Left and right arrow keys to navigate between menus and submenus learn more about the plants our. Limey subirrigated sites and in South Texas along the Gulf coast ( Fig invasive with little typically... This native, cool-season grass grows from 2 to 4 feet tall Cherokee Indians interest the., terminal seed head that is usually very good 4 ), is air salinity tolerant and best... Tufts with erect or spreading culms 18-48 inches tall one of the Loess in. Self seed, sometimes excessively hills in western Iowa almost everywhere that could be plowed has been plowed a of. Name implies, is one of the three dominant species that make up our and. On ridges, hilltops, and drought well mixed into other native plant arrangements tends! With very erect fine textured needle-like pikes 2–4 feet in height highly ornamental native grass to North America level... 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