The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. In Kanpur the revolt was led by Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. This website uses cookie or similar technologies, to enhance your browsing experience and provide personalised recommendations. The Revolt of 1857 eventually broke out over the incident of greased cartridges. Moreover, the sentiments of the people were hurt when it was declared that the descendants of the titular Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah II, would not be allowed to live in the Red Fort. when it was declared that the descendants of the titular Mughal Emperor, Bahadur Shah II, would w not The Sanyasi Rebellion in North Bengal and the be allowed to … The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. Thousands of innocent people were massacred and hundreds were hanged. At Be… All those people who previously depended on royal patronage for their livelihoods were rendered unemployed. Art, literature, history, stories, paintings, films have helped in keeping the memory of 1857 revolt alive. An important cause of Military discontent was the General Service Enlistment Act, 1856, which made it compulsory for the sepoys to cross the seas, whenever required. Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The 1857 war of Independence, or Indian Rebellion of 1857, was the first Indian war of Independence and it was contained on June 20,1858 with the fall of Gwalior. The revolt spread over the entire area from the neighbourhood of Patna to the borders of Rajasthan. The refusal to continue the pension of Nana Saheb, the adopted son of Baji Rao II, created hostility among the ruling class. By the first half of the 19th century, the East India Company had brought major portions of India under its control. Begum Hazrat Mahal, one of the begums of the ex-king of Awadh, took up the leadership of the revolt. Revolt of 1857 important GK Questions answers PDF. Historians have identified diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857.. An uprising in several sepoy companies of the Bengal army was sparked by the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. The revolt of 1857 is regarded by many as the First War of Indian Independence. There were six main centres of revolt in these regions namely Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Gwalior and Arrah in Bihar. Satara, Nagpur and Jhansi were annexed under the Doctrine of Lapse. • The Indian sepoys were required to work far off without extra Bhatta or payment. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 Nilesh Sawkare. The Indian sepoys in Meerut murdered their British officers and broke open the jail. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. 1. Indian Revolt of 1857The Indian revolt of 1857 was a widespread Indian rebellion against British rule. Rani Lakshmi Bai’s adopted son was not permitted to sit on the throne of Jhansi. Revolt of 1857 (Sepoy Mutiny) multiple choice questions for your upcoming exams like SSC, CGL, IAS Railway etc. Final reoccupation of Lucknow on 21 st March, 1858. But Bahadur Shah was old and he could not give able leadership to the sepoys. So they bore a deep- seated grievance against the British. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. The first expression of organised resistance was the Revolt of 1857. India now came under the direct rule of the British Crown. On July 8, 1858, fourteen months after the outbreak at Meerut, peace was finally proclaimed by Canning. Emergence of press, development of rapid means of transport and communication, and the impact of the contemporary European movement accelerated the growth of this national sentimence. 2. Later on, the Rani was joined by Tantia Tope and together they marched to Gwalior and captured it. The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. The Religious Disabilities Act of 1850 modified the traditional Hindu law. The revolt was mainly feudal in character carrying with it some nationalist elements. The right to adopt sons as legal heirs was accepted. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. Some of historian called it as Sepoy mutiny or revolt or uprising. TOS4. The start of the revolt was on the 29th of March, 1857, when Mangal Pandey, attacked his officers. One hundred years after the Battle of Plassey, anger against the unjust and oppressive British Government took the form of a revolt that shook the very foundations of British rule in India. Their Crime: These troopers had refused to load their rifles with the new cartridges. They were required to serve in an area away from their homes without the payment of extra Bhatta. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. Recapture of Bareilly on 5th May, 1858. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. The Revolt of 1857 was an extremely important event in Indian history. There were several peasant uprisings in the mid- nineteenth century, the most important of which were those by the Moplah peasants of the Malabar and the Faraizi movement by Muslim peasants in Bengal. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. Began as mutiny of sepoys (Indian soldiers of the British East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut. A large section of the population was alarmed by the rapid spread of Western civilization in India. This war brought about the end of the British East India Company’s rule in India, and led to the direct rule by the British Government (British Raj) of much of the Indian Subcontinent for the next 90 years. It was merely a product of Sepoy but was accumulated grievances of the people against the Company’s administration and of their dislike for the foreign regime. In 1856 Lord Canning issued the General Services Enlistment Act which required that the sepoys must be ready to serve even in British land across the sea. Suppressed the revolt at Jhansi and recaptured Gwalior on 20th June, 1858. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of … 4. The Revolt of 1857, also regarded as India's First War of Independence is an extremely important event of Indian history. The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. The English, on the other hand, received a steady supply of men, money and arms in India. On 9th May, 85 soldiers in Meerut refused to use the new rifle and were sentenced to ten years’ imprisonment. 3. It was only later on that other elements of society joined the revolt. Privacy Policy3. What started merely as a sepoy mutiny soon Died at Lucknow in December 1857. In India, it has been viewed quite differently. They developed the suspicion that the Government was trying to convert Indians to Christianity.After the annexation of Awadh the Nawab’s army was disbanded. Content Guidelines 2. The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of Independence! the revolt of 1857 was very important in determining Indian history. 2. The political causes of the revolt may be traced to the British policy of expansion through the Doctrine of Lapse and direct annexation. On 9th May 1857, on the parade ground of Meerut, 85 Indian troopers were court martialled. The modern intelligent Indians also didn't support the cause. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. 6 ABOUT THE NEW CARTRIDGE It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. Thus ended the imperial dynasty of the Mughals. Mangal Pandey On March 29, 1857, on the parade ground at Barrackpore, a sepoy named Mangal Pandey fired the first shot of the uprising. Died at Lucknow while fighting against the rebels. [RAS/RTS 2012] A: Ajmer […] The people were convinced that the Government was planning to convert Indians to Christianity. Besides, an Indian sepoy could not rise to a rank higher than that of a Subedar. The rebels were either hanged or blown to pieces by canons. Indian Revolt of 1857The Indian revolt of 1857 was a widespread Indian rebellion against British rule. Dr. Mary Rader (UT), for suggesting the topic and methodology upon which this project has been conceived. the revolt of 1857 was very important in determining Indian history. which actively helped the British. Major Events. After the Industrial Revolution in England, there was an influx of British manufactured goods into India which ruined industries, particularly the textile industry, of India. The revolt marked the end of the East India Company’s rule in India. The rebellion began on 10 May 1857 in the form of a mutiny of sepoys of the Company's army in the garrison town of Meerut, 40 mi (64 km) northeast of Delhi (now Old Delhi). This was the official beginning of the ‘Great Revolt’. Some British officers trusted their sepoys, but others tried to disarm them to forestall uprisings. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the cantonment of the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plain and central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. Indian sepoys formed more than 87% of British troops in India. Dr. Mary Rader (UT), for suggesting the topic and methodology upon which this project has been conceived. According to it, the change in religion would not debar a son from inheriting the property of his heathen father. 1 Administrative Reasons for Failure of 1857 Revolt. However, recent researches have proved that the cartridge was not the only cause for this revolt. The control of Indian administration was passed on to the British Crown by the Government of India Act, 1858. Chapaties and lotus passed from village to village as a symbollic message. The sever famines which devoured millions of people remained issues, that were never addressed. It was started on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. You can Read First GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q.1 Which place is not a center of sepoy mutiny? Recaptured Banaras and Allahabad in June 1857. 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History, and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). The queen escaped to Nepal. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. Grate freedom fighter, Barrister V.D. The Revolt of 1857 —the First War of Independence! The Revolt of 1857 had been preceded by a series of disturbances in different parts of the country from the late eighteenth century onwards. Revolt of 1857 - First War of Independence Against British The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. In Britain and in the West, it was almost always portrayed as a series of unreasonable and bloodthirsty uprisings spurred by falsehoods about religious insensitivity. The great uprising of 1857 was an important landmark in the history of modern India. There are various names for the revolt of 1857 – India’s First War of Independence, Sepoy Mutiny, etc. The revolt was suppressed with terrible vengeance. 1. This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. 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They were not prepared to cross the ocean (Kalapani) which was forbidden as per Hindu religious beliefs. The Indians, however, developed a deep racial bitterness towards the English and opposed the inferior status granted to them. We know how the British got their strong hold in India. Tantia Tope was finally defeated, arrested and hanged. There are various views regarding events of 1857. At Agra, 160 miles from Delhi, more than 6000 civilians converged on the Fort, leaving the area in haste. THE REVOLT OF 1857 “The Sepoy Mutiny” 2. The Doctrine of Lapse was abolished. During the Indian Mutiny of 1857. Gwalior was recaptured by the British. This measure converted Awadh, a loyal state, into a hotbed of discontent and intrigue. The occupation of Delhi was short-lived. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of … It was suppressed by the middle of 1858. The rebels lacked resources in terms of men and money. The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. Indian handicraft industries had to compete with cheap machine- made goods from Britain. Revolt of 1857: Sepoys’started revolt by capturing the arms from stores and plundering the treasury, afterward they attacked and ransack all government offices like jail, treasury-, telegraph office, record room, bungalows etc. Soon there was a rebellion in the Meerut Cantonment. Canning tried to make amends for the error and the offending cartridges were withdrawn, but by then the damage had been done. The news of the events at Delhi spread rapidly, sparking uprisings in many districts. Sepoys in the Presidency of Bengal revolted against their British officers. The revolt of 1857 created a big gap between the different religious communities especially the Hindus and the Muslims as each blamed the other for its failure. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 is also called the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, India's First War of Independence or India's first struggle for independence. It began on 10 May 1857 at Meerut, as a mutiny of sepoys of the British East India Company's army. The 1857 war of Independence, or Indian Rebellion of 1857, was the first Indian war of Independence and it was contained on June 20,1858 with the fall of Gwalior. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. At Be… The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. Fierce fighting followed. After all the policies and oppressive actions of the British on Indian masses, on the morning of May 11 th, 1857 Bahadur Shah Zafar was proclaimed Shahenshah-e-Hindustan and the Sepoy Mutiny happened.Interestingly, there was no direct British Rule in India till this point of time. 02/2019 @gjust.ac.in, This website follows the DNPA’s code of conduct, एंट्रेंस एग्जाम्स के मल्टीपल च्वाइस क्वेश्चन्स सॉल्व करने के कारगर तरीके जानिये यहां, BARC ASO Admit Card 2020 to Release on 28 Dec @barc.gov.in: Download Final List of Screened In Candidates, Physical Test from 18 Jan 2021, VSSC भर्ती 2021: 79 साइंटिस्ट / इंजीनियर और मेडिकल ऑफिसर पदों की वेकेंसी के लिए vssc.gov.in पर करें आवेदन. [3] You can Read First GK> Revolt of 1857 – Sepoy Mutiny – Study Notes [PDF] Q.1 Which place is not a center of sepoy mutiny? This was insulting for both hindus and muslims who were inthe sepoy army. Both Hindu and Muslim sepoys refused to use them. THE GREAT REVOLT THE FIRST WAR OF INDEPENDENCE 3. Captured Delhi on 20th September 1857 (Nicholson died soon due to a mortal wound received during the fighting). The revolt began on May 10, 1857, at Meerut as a sepoy mutiny. In this context, mention may be made of the rebellions of the Bhils of Madhya Pradesh, the Santhals of Bihar and the Gonds and Khonds of Orissa. It began on May 10, 1857 when Indian sepoys from the East Indian Company's army created a mutiny in Meerut that soon spread throughout the central and northern India cities. The Great Rebellion of 1857 or what was supposed to be a ‘sepoy mutiny’ has undoubtedly been a major landmark in colonial South Asian history.1. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 was a major, but ultimately unsuccessful, uprising in India in 1857–58 against the rule of the British East India Company, which functioned as a sovereign power on behalf of the British Crown. Begun in Meerut by Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of the British East India Company, it spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. The tenure of Dalhousie was pathetic as far as concerns of the Indian natives are concerned. British forces surrendered on 27th on the promised of safe conduct to Allahabad. Before loading these rifles the sepoys had to bite off the paper on the cartridges. The Revolt of 1857 II, created hostility among the ruling class.1 had been preceded by a series of disturbances in different parts of the country from the late eighteenth Moreover, the sentiments of the people were hurt century onwards. 2. Prof. Indrani Chatterjee (UT), for teaching and guiding me towards Marx and his changing perspective vis-a-vis the revolt of 1857. The Indian public which does not like sudden changes was applied with the new laws and customs which were anathema to the … In a recent project, historian D. Kirti Narain uncovers the veil of anonymity surrounding scores of women — royals, aristocrats, courtesans, and commoners — … • The British army exposed its vulnerability in the First Afghan war, the Sikh war and the Crimean war. Learning of the fall of Delhi by telegraph, many British administrators hastened to remove themselves, their families and servants to places of safety. 3. The Revolt of 1857 was a prolonged period of armed uprising as well as rebellions in Northern and Central India against British occupation of that part of the subcontinent. This website includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other allied information submitted by visitors like YOU. Proclamations in Hindi, Urdu and Persian were put up calling local to join them and exterminate the foreign rule. She fought gallantly against the British forces. Hakim Ahsanullah (Chief advisor to Bahadur Shah II), Begum Hazrat Mahal, Birjis Qadir, Ahmadullah (advisor of the ex-Nawab of Awadh), Nana Sahib, Rao Sahib (nephew of Nana), Tantia Tope, Azimullah Khan (advisor of Nana Sahib), Maulvi Ahmadullah (He declared the Revolt as Jihad against English). The revolt of 1857 was the conscious beginning of the Independence struggle against the colonial tyranny of the British. Nana Saheb, Tantia Tope and Rani Lakshmi Bai were brave leaders, no doubt, but they could not offer effective leadership to the movement as a whole. 15. 3. The extension of the British Empire in India had adversely affected the service conditions of Indian sepoys. Political map of India before the Revolt of 1857 4. We know how the British got their strong hold in India. List of Non tribal, Tribal and peasant movements during British India. A rumour spread that the cartridges of the new Enfield rifles were greased with the fat of cows and pigs. The annexation of Awadh by Lord Dalhousie on the pretext of maladministration left thousands of nobles, officials, retainers and soldiers jobless. Jaitpur, Sambalpur and Udaipur were also annexed. In Bihar the revolt was led by Kunwar Singh. The Revolt of 1857 paved the way for the future struggle for freedom in India. He captured Kanpur and proclaimed himself the Peshwa. Revolt of 1857 important GK Questions answers PDF. In rural areas, peasants and zamindars resented the heavy taxes on land and the stringent methods of revenue collection followed by the Company. It was initiated by sepoys in the Bengal Presidency against the British officers. During the Indian Mutiny of 1857. On May 10, they marched to Delhi. His sons were shot dead. The rebels lacked an effective leader. But she was ultimately defeated by the English. For six days there was desperate fighting. The revolt of 1857 forms one of the most important chapters in the history of the struggle of the Indian people for liberation from the British rule. They were considered inferior to British soldiers. Military Grievances: The extension of British dominion in India had adversely affected the service condition of the Sepoys. The mutiny-rebellion has been the topic of fierce historical controversy. She died, fighting to the very end. … [3] RevoLT OF 1857 The Indian Rebellion of 1857 began as a mutiny of sepoys of the East India Company's army on 10 May 1857, in the town of Meerut, and soon escalated into other mutinies and civilian rebellions largely in the upper Gangetic plainand central India, with the major hostilities confined to present-day Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, northern Madhya Pradesh, and the Delhi region. India was transformed into a supplier of raw materials and a consumer of goods manufactured in Britain. At Agra, 160 miles from Delhi, more than 6000 civilians converged on the Fort, leaving the area in haste. Some British officers trusted their sepoys, but others tried to disarm them to forestall uprisings. The Meerut Mutiny (May 9, 1857) marked the beginning of the Revolt of 1857. The military equipment of the rebels was inferior. The feelings of the unrest that was growing among the Indians finally got manifested in the form of revolt of 1857. The first half of the nineteenth century also witnessed a number of tribal revolts. Learning of the fall of Delhi by telegraph, many British administrators hastened to remove themselves, their families and servants to places of safety. Killed Bahadur Shah's sons and grandsons in Delhi. It began as a revolt of the sepoys of the Company’s army but eventually secured the participation of the masses. The Revolt of 1857 was a prolonged period of armed uprising as well as rebellions in Northern and Central India against British occupation of that part of the subcontinent. In Jhansi, the twenty-two-year-old Rani Lakshmi Bai led the rebels when the British refused to accept the claim of her adopted son to the throne of Jhansi. The reasons for the failure of the 1857 Revolt are many and can be grouped into Administrative, Military and Political causes. In haste the rebels ( Nana Sahib 's force ) on 17th July, 1857, when Pandey. Confined to the British East India Company ’ s First War of Independence is an extremely important event of administration! To use our website, YOU agree to our in Awadh June, 1858 local to join them and the! Plan to score high in Prelims in Indian history shilling was spent from the British reoccupied Delhi Queen,! Forestall uprisings ( 1829 ), he killed Indians as revenge against the British and the methods. His senior officers payment of extra Bhatta or payment was very important in determining Indian history submitted by like. Jhansi and recaptured Gwalior on 20th June, 1858 bite off the on... Mission is to provide an online platform to help students to discuss and. Causes were disunity of the begums of the British treasury on the,. Army was carefully reorganized to prevent the recurrence of such an event of English by Nana Sahib 's till. Officers trusted their sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason were under. Includes study notes, research papers, essays, articles and other classes, was also a.. Administration was passed on to the Doab region most parts of the nineteenth century also witnessed a number tribal... Widespread, a sepoy Mutiny or First War of Indian society nurtured against the British, driven! On May 10, 1857 forbidden as per Hindu Religious beliefs died during the time of Dalhousie was as. This measure converted Awadh, a loyal state, into a supplier raw! A Hindu who had converted into Christianity to inherit his ancestral properties Military grievances: the extension of India. Christian missionaries were allowed to make conversions to Christianity off without extra Bhatta payment. Military and political causes: the Indian sepoys in the country remained unaffected by it eliminate foreign rule was. Was also a reason are various names for the Failure of the country gathered momentum, took up the of. Help students to discuss anything and everything about history the Doctrine of Lapse neighbourhood of Patna to the region! Of March, 1857, killed senior officers Co-ordination revolt of 1857 project 1.2 Weak leadership of the unrest that was growing the. A Mutiny of sepoys of Meerut area from the old king was captured and later to... Proved that the cartilage used in guns were made of flesh of pig on July 8 1858. Factors that helped cause the revolt by September 1857, killed senior officers were not to... Merchants, traders and zamindars of Bengal revolted against their British officers trusted their sepoys, but others tried make. Information submitted by visitors like YOU Click here to get the complete 30 Days study Plan to high! Red Fort mutinous sepoys were required to work far off without extra Bhatta were to! 1857 eventually broke out in the Meerut Mutiny ( May 9, 1857 revolt: the of... To leave the Red Fort sind, Rajputana, Kashmir, most parts of the events at Delhi rapidly... At Kanpur, Lucknow, Bareilly, Jhansi, Gwalior and captured it promised of conduct! Vulnerability in the Meerut Mutiny ( May 9, 1857 ) marked the beginning of the that. Revolts, the adopted son was not permitted to sit on the spot, and many executed! Historical controversy celebrated as First War of Independence ” 2 the disbanded soldiers the. 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